Watch Movements | Differences Between Mechanical & Quartz

Watch Movements HUB1201

Any self-respecting watch collector will want to know what makes their timepieces tick. A person with an eye for detail will surely appreciate the mechanism that runs inside the case.

If you are interested or confused about watch movements, you’ve come to the right place. For today’s post, we talk about watch movements, the differences between mechanical and quartz, and more.

Types of Watch Movements

Between watch manufacturers, you can find countless watch movements available and many of them are proprietary creations. However, all watch movements can be broken down to two major categories – Quartz and Mechanical.

1. Quartz Movement

Watch Movements Grand Seiko 9F Caliber
The Grand Seiko 9F82A

The advent of quartz crystal movement (typically shortened to quartz) is attributed to Seiko. It was Christmas Day in Tokyo when Seiko introduced the Astron, the very first quartz wristwatch. Quartz is a battery-powered movement which was groundbreaking at the time especially when compared to the traditional hairspring/balance wheel combination.

The announcement of the Astron was heard all over the world. By 1977, Seiko became the world’s largest watch company. It essentially kickstarted the era of battery-operated wristwatches. It certainly helped that quartz provided excellent accuracy and required no maintenance aside from battery replacements.

Quartz, in general, tend to be low cost due to very little moving parts and being battery-operated. However, watch enthusiasts find quartz timepieces to be less desirable due to the overall lack of craftsmanship and engineering.

But what exactly makes a movement a quartz movement?

How Quartz Movement Works

Watch Movements Miyota 2025
Miyota 2025 Japan Made Quartz Movement

To measure the time, watches that house the quartz movement need electrical current. The current, in this case, is supplied by the battery which acts as the main power source. The electrical signal is sent via a piece of crystal quartz which then vibrates at a rate of 32,768 times per second.

The crystal essentially becomes an oscillator. This oscillation helps to keep the time which replaces the function of the hairspring/balance wheel combo in a mechanical movement.

In terms of accuracy, the Horological Journal wrote:

Even the humblest quartz wristwatch can maintain time accurate to within less than 1 second per day with the aid of inhibition compensation. And due to the surprisingly good stability of 32 kHz quartz crystal oscillators, the accuracy of quartz wristwatches can be expected to change by only a small amount over time.

Watch Movements Tissot PR100 COSC
The Quartz-powered Tissot PR 100 COSC

More often than not, quartz-powered watches are far less expensive when compared to mechanical watches. However, there are also luxury watches that comes with a quartz movement such as the Longines Conquest VHP and Tissot PR100 COSC.

Benefits of Quartz Movement

  • Superior Accuracy – A non-certified quartz watch has an accuracy of about 99.9998% while a certified one will be 99.9999% accurate.
  • Ease of Use – If you want a watch that you can just wear and forget, a quartz watch is a great option. You won’t need to wind your watch from time to time, and still be able to keep time.
  • Low Maintenance – A quartz movement has a very little number of moving parts. In addition, the battery only needs a replacement every 3 to 4 years.
  • Less Expensive – As mentioned, quartz watches are generally less expensive when compared to mechanical models. These movements are mass-produced, so they have mainstream appeal and affordability.

Disadvantages of Quartz Movement

  • Needs Battery to Operate – Quartz watches need a battery to keep on ticking. If the battery runs out, the watch stops working. Replacing the battery can be a real inconvenience for many collectors.
  • Collectability – While there are luxury timepieces that come with quartz movement, most of them are mass-produced. This means that quartz watches don’t hold their value over time. The most serious watch collector will find a quartz movement less desirable when compared to mechanical models.

2. Mechanical Movement

Watch Movements Patek Philippe 2499
The most iconic and desirable Patek Philippe reference 2499 movement.

Most watch enthusiasts prefer mechanical movement for their luxury watches.

Simply put, mechanical movements boast a high level of quality and craftsmanship, expertly crafted by watch artisans. A mechanical movement features an intricate series of moving parts that working together to get the watch ticking. The intricate mechanism in mechanical watches can only be described as art.

A lot of in-house mechanical watches created by Swiss watchmakers have fetched hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollars during auctions. One notable example is the extremely rare Patek Philippe reference 2499, costing as much as $7 million dollars.

Watch Movements ETA 2660
Swiss Made ETA 2660

However, there are movement companies such as ETA that have managed to mass-produce mechanical movements for watchmaking purposes. This enabled smaller brands to make mechanical timepieces that can compete with leading luxury watch brands.

The general design of mechanical watches hasn’t changed over the years. However, the use of technology has allowed movement makers to improve precision and add a greater attention to detail to their creations.

How Mechanical Movement Works

Watch Movements Mechanical Movement

All mechanical timepieces uses the combination of hairspring and balance wheel.

Unlike quartz watches, a mechanical model utilizes energy from a wound spring instead of a battery. The spring will then transfer the energy via the springs and gears within the movement. This component powers the overall function of the watch including the hands and complications.

The oscillation of the balance wheel results in a back and forth motion which is not unlike the movement of a pendulum. For a mechanical watch to function continuously, the spring has to be wound with regular frequency.

Benefits of Mechanical Movement

  • Longer Lasting – A skillfully built mechanical watch can last for a lifetime, provided that it’s treated with proper care and maintenance.
  • No Battery Needed – The hand-wound mainspring is the main component that powers a mechanical watch. Thus, when the watch stops working, you can simply wind it up instead of going to a jeweler to replace the batteries.
  • Smooth Hand Movement – For some people, the smooth sweeping motion of the hands in a mechanical movement is better than the quartz’ tick-tick motion.
  • Aesthetics – If you appreciate great attention to detail, you’ll fall in love with the beauty of mechanical movements. Many luxury mechanical watches have a clear sapphire casing on the back which allows you to admire the rotations and oscillations of the moving parts.

Disadvantages of Mechanical Movement

  • More Expensive – While it’s easy to admire the construction of a mechanical watch, the superior craftsmanship also comes with a high price tag. Top-quality mechanical watches can easily cost thousands of dollars and up to six figures for the super luxurious models.
  • Less Accurate – The accuracy of mechanical movements is simply nowhere near that of a quartz. The most accurate mechanical watches are “Certified Chronometers” and it still can’t compare to quartz in terms of accuracy.
  • Need to Wind – Many watch enthusiasts don’t mind the winding process. However, some users think that it can be a chore especially if the timepiece has low energy retention.

The Two Types of Mechanical Watch Movements

There are actually two types of mechanical movements that power many luxury watches: manual and automatic (self-winding). There are differences between mechanical movements and each has its own special characteristics.

1. Manual Movement

Watch Movements HUB1201
Hublot In-House HUB120 mechanical movement with manual winding

Manual movement is the oldest type of watch movement in existence. They are also referred to as “hand-wound movements.” Manual watches are more desirable to collectors because they display the watch movements in full glory through the case-back.

As the name implies, a watch powered by a manual movement necessitates the winding up of the piece on a regular basis. This may well be the deciding factor as to why one would refuse to buy a manual watch.

However, for enthusiasts who treat their timepieces as more than just a timekeeping tool, the process of winding the watch becomes a veritable ritual. This adds a level of intimacy with their time measuring companion and improves the overall experience of owning the watch.

How Manual Movement Works

A manual watch gets its energy through the winding stem. When you talk about winding the watch, it refers to the action of turning the winding stem which tightens the mainspring. The mainspring then accumulates the energy which transmits to the hands and complications.

The balance wheel is responsible for keeping regular time. The wheel swings in a back and forth motion and interacts with the escapement. The motion transmits to the gears which power the hands.

The escapement is the part that transfers energy to the wheel so the latter oscillates at a given rate. The oscillation is what the wearer can hear as the ticking sound.

To wind the mainspring, the user simply needs to turn the crown several times.

2. Automatic Movement

Watch Movements Rolex Daytona
Rolex Daytona Self-Winding Movement

Up to this day, the question of who invented the automatic movement is still up for debate. Some folks say it’s Abraham-Louis Perrelet and some believe that the inventor is Hubert Sarton. Either way, that will be a debate for another day.

The automatic movement is the next logical step after the hand-wound movement. Without the need to manually wind the timepiece at least once every other day, it’s easy to see why. The motion of the arm is enough to keep the watch wound.

Basically, as long as you have it on your wrist, the watch will keep ticking.

For the most part, an automatic movement works in the same way as manual systems do – save for the addition of a metal weight called the rotor.

How Automatic Movement Works

To understand how an automatic movement works, it’s important to know about the most important components.

As mentioned earlier, the rotor is what sets the automatic movement apart from the manual. The rotor is a semi-circular weight which connects to the movement. The rotor can freely move in a 360° direction and it goes with the watch’s movement on the wrist.

The reverser mechanism is another essential component that sits between the gears and rotor. This part enables the rotor to rotate the mainspring regardless of the direction it turns.

There’s also the escapement which essentially “divides” the time in equal fractions. This is the component that releases the energy supplied by the gears to the lever.

Modern automatic watches come with a power reserve that allows you to take them off without worrying that it will run out of power. For instance, a watch with a 72-hour power reserve can remain in your nightstand for close to three days and it will still be ticking once you wear it again.

How to Tell the Differences Between Mechanical & Quartz?

So, is it possible to tell if a watch is quartz or mechanical just by looking? Well, some watches indicate the type of movement under the hood through the dial. These tips below should let you determine if a watch comes with a quartz or mechanical movement:

  • If the second hand is moving in a smooth, continuous motion, the watch houses a mechanical movement.
  • If the second hand is moving in little steps or in a tick-tick motion, you are looking at a quartz watch.

Watch manufacturers are continuously innovating to improve the quartz technology. They continue to improve the crystal’s frequency so it mimics the smooth motion of mechanical watches. With that said, the little tip above might not be applicable anymore.

Which Movement is Right for You?

As you can see, each type of watch movement has its fair share of pros and cons. It all comes down to personal preference between a “purist” view of watchmaking and convenience. It’s also good to consider how you will use your watch.

If you are looking for an affordable timepiece that you can essentially set-and-forget, you are better off with a quartz watch. It is also going to be more accurate and requires little to no maintenance.

On the other hand, if you value the art of horology and drawn to the elegance of micro-mechanical movements, then a mechanical watch is a no-brainer.

Regardless of your choice, the choice between quartz and mechanical movement says a lot about a person’s individuality. Hopefully, this guide has helped you better understand watch movements and the differences between mechanical & quartz movements.

Best Affordable Seiko Watches 2018

We know that watches are important. Perhaps looking at them every few minutes makes the work day drag a bit faster? However, good watches can also be quite expensive. You don’t want to purchase a Rolex if it means spending your life savings. Likewise, you don’t want to buy a cheap, unreliable watch that somehow never seems to tick!

I am here to solve this problem. Today, this watch lover will be looking into the best SEIKO watches that are under $200! My goal is to find you a Seiko that meets your criteria for design and style, durability and of course, price!

The Best Watch Overall

Instead of having you read every single word that I have typed up (although it would be great for you to do so), I am going to make it easy for you and let in you on the best watch you can buy! The Seiko 5 SNK793 is a GREAT automatic watch, with a sleek, formal, and simple design, and it just happens to be EXTREMELY affordable! Read on to find all of the other great watches by Seiko!

Top Affordable Seiko Watch Why It’s Awesome Affordability Rating
Seiko 5 SNK793 Automatic Corrosion-resistant stainless steel build, beautiful design, BEST value ★★★★★

 

Seiko 5 “Diver Style” Dive Watch design, 100m water resistance, very durable ★★★★
Seiko 5 Field Watch Rugged, durable design, automatic movement, military grade ★★★★
Seiko SNKN01 Unique design, brown leather strap, large 43.5mm dial ★★★★
Seiko SGF204 Two-Toned Two-toned, gold bracelet, crisp white dial, large date window ★★★

Best Affordable Seiko Watch

Seiko 5 SNK793 Automatic

This is a great looking, comfortable and automatic timepiece. What looks even better? The price tag!

The reason this watch is ranked number one today lies deep within, hidden under the dial. Yep, I’m talking about the movement. It is not every day that you can find an automatic, 21-jewel timepiece for such a great price. Current owners boast that “nothing in the price range can compete with this watch!” And I second that statement. As an avid watch collector, I am exposed to watches with expertly crafted movements all the time. In no way is the Seiko 5 SNK793 movement spectacular, but for the affordability of this timepiece, it gets the job done and continues to function throughout continued use. Just make sure to wind your movement every few days, to keep the watch functioning properly!

A True “Steal”

When accounting for the simplistic, yet attractive design, the amazing movement, and the durability of this piece, it is easy to see why I say it’s a “steal!” Just know you cannot go wrong with the look: stainless steel bracelet, dark blue dial with a 36mm case, and a large date window that displays the day of the week and number.

Top Features

  • 21 Jewel, automatic movement
  • Dark blue dial
  • Polished, stainless steel bracelet

Seiko 5 “Diver Style”

Those who love the look of dive watches will appreciate this piece!

A great watch by Seiko that is as nice looking as it is durable. It is considered a diver style watch- it has the aesthetics of a diver watch, but not the workings. It has a water resistance of up to 100m. True divers are at least 200m.

Despite not being a true diver, the watch is still great! It features a 42mm case, with a dark black dial. It also has an aluminum unidirectional bezel and a hardlex crystal for increased durability.

A Dive Look, With a Low Price

Ironically, many dive watch prices are flying over many watch seekers’ price points. Well, you almost have what you need here. The Seiko 5 “Diver Style” is definitely suitable for swimming and light snorkeling. Just please, don’t go pull out the wetsuit!

Top Features

  • Beautiful dial and case
  • Push button deploy clasp and safety lock
  • Water resistance up to 100m

Seiko 5 Field Watch SNZG15

Field watches are great for everyday wear, due to the rugged design meant for durability. And you can bet that the Seiko field watch is a great choice!

The Seiko SNZG15 is a great choice for those on a budget and those who put their watches through more than just “wear and tear.” Field watches are known for being durable. This watch features a tough nylon band with a strong hardlex crystal protecting the dial. Not to mention the 42mm stainless steel case that is built to handle drops, bumps, bangs, and anything in between.

A Watch Curated for The Hulk

We all know good old Bruce Banner was on a tight budget. Also, any clothes he wore got destroyed whenever he was angry. Seems counterintuitive. Oh well. If the Hulk truly did exist, this would probably be his go-to. Not only is it very affordable, but it is the definition of durable. I just told you all the durable features of this watch, but WAIT! There’s more! You can also go swimming in this watch because it has a water resistance up to 100m! I think we all know which watch takes the gold in the durability category.

Top Features

  • Robust, nylon bracelet
  • Automatic movement
  • Luminescent dial (VERY bright in the dark)

Seiko SNKN01

The Seiko SNKNO1 was added to this review because of it’s unique look. And the great price of course!

With the Seiko SNKN01, you are getting a watch that is a bit different than the others reviewed today. For one, the squared, cushion shape adds a unique, but luxurious look. The case is large, at 43.5mm, and features a sunray blue dial protected by a hardlex dial window.  The distressed leather band is also durable, but also gives the watch more of a fashionable look.

Now like I mentioned-this watch is large. It is more suitable for someone with a large wrist. But once you own it, you will never want to take it off. It is comfortable enough to wear every day, and stylish enough to wear to formal events or business meetings.

Out of The Ordinary

Who really needs a round shaped watch anymore? Cushioned shaped watches are all the rage! While that statement may not be completely true, it is to some degree. To those who want a different look, one that stands out: this is your watch.  The large display makes it so this watch is easily seen by anyone who glances your way. Anyways, don’t just listen to me. You can find many happy owners who rave about this watch on Amazon.

Top Features

  • Cushion-shaped, large, stainless steel case
  • Beautiful sunburst blue dial
  • Automatic, self-winding movement

Seiko SGF204 Two-Toned

I am in love with the design and look of this watch. I know it is “copying” the two-tonedRolex Datejust, but not everyone can afford a Rolex.

Seiko did a great job when designing this watch. It truly looks like a high-grade, expensive watch at a more than affordable price.  The great-sized stainless steel 35mm case perfectly complements the two-toned silver and gold link bracelet. What enhances the look is definitely the gold coin-edged bezel that exemplifies what a luxury watch looks like.

What I am not so happy about in regards to this watch is the movement. This is the only watch on today’s review that is a quartz movement. Not that quartz watches are terrible, but if you want to appreciate the skill it takes to create a mechanical movement, you’ll see why battery powered quartz cannot compete.

A Rolex Look at a Low Price

Some people will be upset that this watch looks similar to a Rolex. Others will be extremely happy that this watch looks like a Rolex because it is much more affordable.

Overall the Seiko SGF204 is nothing short of beautiful. Everything from the light, shiny silver dial, to the polished two-toned bracelet. Even the Seiko name looks great on this watch. It is beautifully etched into the top of the dial and proudly displays the Seiko brand name.

Top Features

  • Gold, coin edged bezel
  • Two-toned, silver and gold link bracelet with fold over clasp
  • THE PRICE

The Final Word

I apologize in advance if my review led you to purchase every watch that I mentioned. That was not on my agenda; I’m trying to save you money!

The review was created to display Seiko watches, under $200, that are actually worth it. This means that the timepieces are durable, accurate, and have good-looking designs.  Although I have a love for every watch on this review, I have to pick a best watch. When accounting for value, price, durability, comfort, design, and movement, there is no question that the Seiko 5 SNK793 Automatic is the best decision.

The Decision Is Yours

So which watch is it going to be? Are you going for the classic look? Is the dive style watch a must buy in your opinion? No matter what you choose, I am sure you will be happy with any watch that you decide to purchase. All of these watches have been approved by myself (the watch master) as well as MANY happy customers on Amazon.

Keep in mind, when purchasing a watch at any price point, make sure you buy from a reliable source. You do not want to risk getting scammed or purchasing a watch with no warranty. Use a reliable marketplace like Amazon so you don’t have to worry about any issues.

As always everyone, happy watch shopping! I hope I can help you pick the perfect watch that is in your budget!